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Country Profile: New Zealand

Brief Description :

New Zealand is a small Island in the South- West of Pacific Ocean, similar in size to Great Britain or Japan. With a population of only four million , New Zealand is also gloriously uncrowned. It is about 900 miles away from Australia across the Tasman sea and 600 miles away from New Calendonia , Fiji and Tonga . 
Brief History :
Māori were the first to arrive in New Zealand, journeying in canoes from Hawaiki about 1,000 years ago. The first explorer came to New Zealand named Kupe. He used ocean current and stars as navigational guide. He crossed the Pacific on his waka hourua, a voyaging canoe from his Polynesian home land of Hawaiki. Over the next few hundred years more Polynesian immigrant came to New Zealand and settled at various parts of North and south islands. A different tribe, named Moriori from Polynesia was lived on the Chatham Islands. But the Moriori  population declined from diseases and attacts from the Maori. The last known full blooded Moriori was died in 1933.
A Dutchman, Abel Tasman, was the first European to sight the Aotearoa ( New Zealand)  but he was not able to step on New Zealand`s soil .Four of his men were killed by the Maori and his mission was unsuccessful. Over the next hundred years no European visited New Zealand . In 1769 , British explorer James Cook mapped the coast line of New Zealand. A number of European and north American whaling, sealing and trading ships  followed  Mr. Cook and visited New Zealand. They traded food, metals and weapons for timber, food, water etc. It was the British who made New Zealand part of their empire.

In 1840, the Treaty of Waitangi was signed, an agreement between the British Crown and Maori. It established British law in New Zealand and is considered New Zealand’s founding document. The building where the treaty was signed has been preserved and, today, the Waitangi Treaty Grounds are a popular attraction. women in New Zealand gained the voting right in 1890. New Zealand was established as a welfare country during the great depression in 1930.Once New Zealand`s exports was dominated by wool but after liberalizing the economy from protectionist economy to a free trade economy during 1980`s the position of wool was taken by dairy product, meat and wine.

Most of the New Zealand`s population was from the European Settlers ethnicities and among the minorities the Maori is the largest community, Asian and non Maori Polynesians are the other remarkable minorities.  
Visiting Places :North Island
1
.Auckland:Auckland is New Zealand’s largest city and main transport hub. Imagine an urban environment where everyone lives within half an hour of beautiful beaches, hiking trails and a dozen enchanting holiday islands.

2.The Bay of Islands:The Bay of Islands is a subtropical micro-region known for its stunning beauty & history. For those that love beaches and water activities, it’s paradise.

3.The Bay of Plenty: The Bay of Plenty region is home to spectacular beaches, juicy kiwifruit and an active island volcano.

4.The Coromandel:The Coromandel, with pristine beaches, native forests and laid-back vibe, is one of New Zealand’s most popular and best-loved holiday destinations.

5.Eastland:Eastland is the place where the first Polynesian canoes landed, Captain Cook made his first landfall and Maori and European first encountered each other.

6.Hamilton-Waikato:Just south of Auckland lies the Hamilton-Waikato region; a land of lush pastures and fertile soils that was chosen to play The Shire in The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit films.

7.Hawke’s Bay:There are two words that best describe Hawke’s Bay and they are Wine Country – but there is much more than wine to this sunny region.

8.Lake Taupo:The beautiful Lake Taupo is about the size of Singapore – more of an inland sea really.

9.Manawatu:The Manawatu is heartland New Zealand. A landscape that sweeps from the sea to the Tararua Ranges, it offers an exciting range of adventure activities.

10.Rotorua:Rotorua – the place of fascinating Māori culture, hot springs and boiling mud pools. No visit to New Zealand would be complete without stopping here.

11.The Ruapehu:The Ruapehu region is defined by the three volcanoes that stand sentinel over a landscape of tussocked desert, rivers, lakes and thermal springs.

12.Taranaki:No region in the North Island has more defined character than Taranaki. Wherever you are, the symmetrical cone of Mount Taranaki gazes down at you.

13.Wairarapa:Wairarapa is an hour’s drive north of Wellington. Visit the vineyards of Martinborough or Cape Palliser, the southernmost point of the North Island.

14.Wellington:Situated at the southern end of the North Island, Wellington was recently named “the coolest little capital in the world” by Lonely Planet.

15.Whanganui:Whanganui was one of the first cities to be founded in New Zealand. Whanganui, meaning ‘big river’ comes from the great river that flows through it.

South Island
1.Christchurch – Canterbury:Canterbury stretches from ocean to the Alps, and is land of plains and peaks. It is a place of variety and innumerable attractions.

2.Central Otago:Central Otago is a powerful landscape, sunny, dry and brown with weathered ancient mountains, alpine herb fields and fast flowing rivers.

3.Dunedin and Coastal Otago:Dunedin and Coastal Otago is a region of natural beauty overlaid with a fascinating cultural history, often referred to as the eco-capital of New Zealand.

4.Fiordland:Fiordland is one of the most dramatic and beautiful parts of New Zealand. Absorb the breathtaking treasures of this region by water, air or hiking.

5. Lake Wanaka:45 kilometres long and covering 193 square kilometres, the crystal clear waters of Lake Wanaka are perfect for jetboaters, sailors and kayakers to explore.

6.Marlborough:Located at the top of the South Island, Marlborough is New Zealand’s largest wine growing region and the home of world-renowned sauvignon blanc.

7.Nelson:Nelson is a lifestyle; that’s the best way to describe it. Situated at the top north-west of the South Island, it is the sunniest region in New Zealand.

8.Queenstown :Queenstown is one of New Zealand’s top visitor destinations and if you come to the region you’ll understand why.

9.Southlan:Southland is a land of rugged coast and rolling plains, world-renowned Bluff oysters and the launching place for a visit to Stewart Island.

10.Waitaki:The Waitaki is a place of scenic contrast. Journey along the Waitaki Valley and the landscape changes from green pasture to the dryness of Central Otago.

11.West Coast:The West Coast, or ‘the Coast’ as locals call it, is a wild place of rivers and rainforests, glaciers and geological treasures.

Other Island :
1.Chatham Islands:The Chatham Islands invoke visions of a remote ocean-bound wilderness and are most famous for plentiful fresh seafood and fascinating marine and wildlife.

2.Stewart Island – Rakiura:Stewart Island is New Zealand’s third largest island, situated 30 kilometres south of the South Island, across the Foveaux Straight.

Explore
1.Scenic highlights:New Zealand is a land of immense and diverse landscape. You’ll see things here that you won’t see anywhere else in the world.

2.National Parks:New Zealand’s national parks cover more than 30,000 square kilometres, full to the brim with beautiful, natural scenery ready to explore.
New Zealand at a glance:

Currency :
The name of New Zealand`s currency is New Zealand dollar (NZD).

 

Population:

 

Total population of New Zealand is 4,468,200 (122nd).

 

Area:
Total area of New Zealand is 268,021 km
2 (75th) or
103,483 sq mi

 

Government System : Unitary Parliamentary constitutional monarchy .

 

Language:
 English , Maori, NZ sign Language
Capital City: Wellington

Largest City: Auckland

Demonym : New Zealander

Anthem: ” God Defend New Zealand”

Calling Code : +64

Time Zone:
               NZST (UTC +12)
               Summer(DST) – NZDT(UTC +13)

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