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China

 

Brief Description:

China is the largest country by its population. The total population is about 1347600000. The total area is 9596960sq kilometers. The national language is Mandarin. The capital city of China is Beijing. The government name of the country is peoples Republic of China. 

Brief History:

China is a large country in the world. China’s history is back over 5000 years. The first recognized dynasty lasted from 2200 to 1750 Bc . The Xia dynasty, the first recognized dynasty, was the beginning of a long period of cultural development and dynastic succession . It led the way to urbanized civilization of the Shang Dynasty (1750-1040BC). The Shang Capitals were the centers of sophisticated court of life for the king . There was intellectual development in Shang period which flourished in the next Zhou dynasty. China’s great schools of intellectual thought developed during the Zhou dynasty. There were migration ,amalgamation and development from its earliest origins which caused distinctive system of writing ,philosophy , art and social and political organization and civilization.

People were attracted by achievements, of China,of indeographic written language, technological developments and social and political institutions. The process of assimilation continued over the centuries through conquest and colonization .It lasted till the core territory of China was brought under unified rule. Han Dynasty ruled from 2063C-AD220.

China faced periodic invasions from central and Inner Asia like Khitan and the Jurchen The Mongols, the Manchu. They left an impact on Chinese Civilization. The Tang (618-907) and song (960-1279) dynasties represented high points of Chinese cultural development. There was peace and conquest during the Qing Dynasty(1644-1911).There was development in imperial rule.Sun Yatsen enteavoured to establish a parliamentary democracy but was thwarted by warlords with imperial and quasi democratic pretensions. At that time there was a major political and social movement (1919).Soviet advisers helped the Guomindong establish political and military training activities . The struggle against the Jiang regime. Mao consolidated his hold over the CCP at the time of his being Chairman Japan invaded Manchuria in 1931 and soon pushed south into North China.

Mao Zedong , Chairman of the Communist Party of China defeated both the occupying  Japanese and rival Kuomentang nationalist forces to create the people’s Republic of China in 1949. In 1978 perform era activities began and China became one of the largest world economics and trading partners as well as regional military power. The democracy movement was violently suppressed by the military in 1989. Tiananmen incident. In the begin of the 21st century old leaders were replaced by the new leaders.

 

China at a glance:

Population:

Total population of China is 1347600000. Which is the largest population of the world.

Currency:

The name of Chinese currency is renminbi (Yuan) (CNY)

Languages:

Official language Standard Chinese.

Capital city :

Beijing.

Largest City: Shanghai

Demonym : Chinese

Anthem: ” Yiyonjun Jinxingqu”

Government : Single party socialist state

Calling Code : +86

Time Zone:

Chinese Standard time  (UTC +8)

 


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